Liz Shuler is secretary-treasurer of the AFL-CIO.
Today, we earn more college degrees and have infinitely more choices, but what has it meant? Take a look:
- Women have surged into the workforce since the 1960s —but real household income has stagnated for all but the richest 10%. That means our families have sent more people off to work just to maintain our standard of living.
- Progress toward gender equality has stalled . Women’s annual earnings are just 77% of men’s.
- Among 25- to 34-year-old workers, women are more likely than men to have a college degree .
- Two-thirds of minimum wage earners are women.
- Most (60%) of women’s job gains during the economic recovery have been in low-wage jobs.
- The unemployment rate for young (ages 16 to 24) women workers is 14.5%.
- 43% of women working in the private sector are not able to take a single paid sick day when they are ill, and more than half of working mothers (54%) do not have even a few paid sick days they can use to care for their sick children.
- Women in unions, on average, make 12.9% more than their nonunion counterparts, are 36.8% more likely to have employer-provided health insurance and are 53.4% more likely to have participated in an employer-sponsored retirement plan.
How can we get progress on gender equality moving again? We could start by raising the minimum wage, enacting family-friendly policies like the FAMILY Act , investing in good jobs and restoring collective bargaining rights so all workers can stand together.